Citizens of the following countries do not require a visa to the United States:
Canada, Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Palau.
The following countries are eligible for the Visa Waiver Program and their citizens do not need to acquire a US visa but are required to get an electronic authorization to visit the United States (including Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands):
Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan and the United Kingdom.
ESTA approvals must be filled in 72 hours prior to travel. If ESTA is denied, passengers will be referred to the US embassy to apply for a visa which will take longer than 72 hours to process.
There is currently a charge for the ESTA application. Passenger must be in possession of a completed form I-94W, obtainable from airline & shipping companies. Please visit https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov/
Required by all except those who qualify for visa free travel under the Visa Waiver Program. Application for entry is made on arrival/departure form I-94W provided by the airline or shipping company. If transiting the United States to a destination in Canada, Mexico or the adjacent islands, the traveller may re-enter the United States on the return journey using any mode of transport, as long as the total visit, including both periods of time spent in transit & in Canada, Mexico or the adjacent islands, does not exceed 90 days. If transiting to a destination outside of Canada, Mexico, or the adjacent islands, the return journey must be on a participating carrier, but need not be within 90 days, as the traveller will be required to make a new application for admission & therefore, required to complete a new arrival/departure for I-94W
There are currently no compulsory vaccinations required.
Recommended immunisations: Tetanus & Polio.
Due to the large size of the country, there are nine general climatic regions:
North Eastern States: Very cold winters with heavy snow & hot summers. Moderate rainfall throughout the year.
Southern Atlantic States: Warm all year and humid in summer. The north is cooler in winter with occasional snow. Florida is greatly affected by thunderstorms particularly in summer. Hurricanes can be a hazard between Jul-Oct.
Mid-West: Winters are cold with heavy snow in the north. Summers are warm with the occasional heat wave and drought. Rainfall is heavier in the east.
Southern and Gulf States: Occasional cold spells in winter but less prolonged. Summers are warm with most rain in the east. Hurricanes and tornados are a hazard.
Rocky Mountains: Winter is cooler and wetter in the north with snow in the higher regions. Summers are hot particularly in the south.
Pacific North West: Winters are mild and wet, summers are generally warm but with fog on the coast.
California: Mild, wet winters and warm or hot summers with very little rain. Los Angeles is affected by smog.
Alaska: Very long and severe winters with heavy snow and a wind-chill hazard. Summers are cool on the coast, milder inland with moderate rainfall.
Hawaiian Islands: Warm throughout the year. Certain parts of the islands can be very wet. The Island is occasionally affected by tropical cyclones May-Nov.
Location of U.S.A: North America
Local Time in U.S.A:
Eastern: GMT -4
Central: GMT -5
Mountain (except Arizona): GMT -6
Arizona: GMT -7
Pacific: GMT -7
Alaska: GMT -8
Aleutian: GMT -9
Hawaii: GMT -10
Capital City of U.S.A: Washington, D.C.
Population of U.S.A: 307 million
Language(s) spoken in U.S.A: English
Dialling Code for U.S.A: 1
Emergency numbers in U.S.A: Police, Fire & Ambulance: 911
Driving in U.S.A: Driving is on the right. National licence required. International Driving Permit required if licence is not issued in Roman alphabet (valid for 1 year only)
Electricity in U.S.A: 110/120V AC 60Hz
Currency of U.S.A: US Dollar (USD 1 = 100 Cents)
Notes: USD: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100
Coins: Cents: 1, 5, 10, 25, 50
Credit Cards/Travellers Cheques: Credit cards and travellers cheques are widely accepted. Travellers cheques should preferably be in US Dollar denominations and are frequently accepted as cash
Opening Hours in U.S.A:
Office: 0900-1730 Mon-Fri
Shops: 0930-1800 Mon-Sat, 1200-1800 Sun, 0930-2100 (shopping centres)
Hints in U.S.A: Business is conducted in English, not many executives speak a second language. Smoking generally accepted but restricted in most public buildings and on public transport. Many restaurants have smoking and no smoking areas. Drinking laws in the different states and towns often vary. On social occasions punctuality is appreciated. Dress as for business meetings unless otherwise indicated. The minimum drinking age is 21 years in most US states
Tipping in U.S.A: Around 15% is customary, unless a service charge is included
Hotel Classification in U.S.A: There is no official hotel classification system in the USA. The American Automobile Association (AAA) operates a voluntary scheme similar to that used by our own AA/RAC. This awards diamonds on a scale from 1 up to 5. AAA grades are very strict and are usually equivalent to the next highest category (so a 3-diamond hotel is probably equivalent to a normal 4 star). Where properties subscribe to AAA, their diamond ratings are given here. Otherwise our usual arbitrary categories of £ up to £££££ are given based on rack rates, facilities and perceived quality. These equate to the 1- to 5-star system and serve only to compare relative standards within any given area.
Import Allowances in U.S.A:
Returning residents of the United States up to USD 800 worth of articles acquired abroad provided their stay abroad was at least 48 hours and their duty-free exemption was not used in the preceding 30 days
For arrivals directly from American Samoa, Guam & U.S. Virgin Islands up to USD 1,600 (not more than USD 800 of which may be acquired elsewhere than in these islands)
The duty-free allowance may include the following maximum quantities:
1,000 cigarettes (not more than 200 of which shall have been acquired elsewhere than in American Samoa, Guam and U.S. Virgin Islands, for residents returning from other countries 200 cigarettes a reasonable quantity of tobacco and 100 cigars
For persons of 21 years or older; 1 lit of alcoholic beverage (for arrivals from American Samoa, Guam and U.S. Virgin Islands, 5 lit not more than 1 lit of which may be acquired elsewhere than on these islands)
Perfumes, lotions, Eau de Cologne if not under a trade mark restriction recorded in the United States Treasury Dept
For persons of 21 years of age or older; 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 2kg of tobacco or a combination of proportionate parts
For persons of 21 years of age or older; 1 lit of alcoholic beverage
Including minors accompanied or unaccompanied; gifts not exceeding USD 100 in value, provided that the stay in the United States is not less than 72 hours and that the gift exemption has not been claimed in the previous 6 months
Prohibited/Restricted in U.S.A: Fresh, dried (canned meat permitted if cooked in can and can be stored without refrigeration) meat products, poultry, fish (unless certified), narcotics, marijuana, dangerous drugs, plants, some seeds, fresh vegetables & fruits, soil, live insects, snails, and other living plant or animal pests. Imports from or exports to Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Korea (North), Libya & Sudan. Matches and match-books in luggage unless tightly packed in a closed container. Eggs and dairy products, except fully-cured cheese
Albany International (ALB)
Albuquerque International (ABQ)
Anchorage Ted Stevens International (ANC)
Asheville Regional (AVL)
Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International (ATL)
Austin-Bergstrom International (AUS)
Baltimore/Washington International (BWI)
Bangor International (BGR)
Boston Logan International (BOS)
Buffalo Niagara International (BUF)
Charlotte/Douglas International (CLT)
Chicago Midway (MDW)
Chicago O'Hare International (ORD)
Cleveland Hopkins International (CLE)
Dallas/Fort Worth International (DFW)
Denver International (DEN)
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County (DTW)
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International (FLL)
Greenville/Spartanburg Intl (GSP)
Hartford Bradley International (BDL)
Honolulu International (HNL)
Houston George Bush Intercontinental (IAH)
Houston William P. Hobby (HOU)
Indianapolis International (IND)
Jacksonville International (JAX)
James M. Cox Dayton Intl (DAY)
John Wayne (SNA)
Kansas City International (MCI)
Kona Ke-Ahole International (KOA)
LA Palmdale (PMD)
LA/Ontario International (ONT)
Las Vegas McCarran International (LAS)
Los Angeles International (LAX)
Memphis International (MEM)
Miami International (MIA)
Mineta San Jose International Airport (SJC)
Minneapolis/St. Paul International (MSP)
Nashville International (BNA)
New Orleans Louis Armstrong Intl (MSY)
New York John F. Kennedy International (JFK)
New York La Guardia (LGA)
New York Newark Liberty International (EWR)
Norfolk International (ORF)
Northern Kentucky International (CVG)
Oakland International (OAK)
Oklahoma City Will Rogers World (OKC)
Orlando International (MCO)
Orlando Sanford International (SFB)
Palm Beach International (PBI)
Philadelphia International (PHL)
Phoenix Sky Harbor International (PHX)
Piedmont Triad International (GSO)
Pittsburgh International (PIT)
Port Columbus International Airport (CMH)
Portland International (PDX)
Raleigh-Durham International (RDU)
Ronald Reagan Washington National (DCA)
Sacramento International (SMF)
Salt Lake City International (SLC)
San Antonio International (SAT)
San Diego International (SAN)
San Francisco International (SFO)
Sarasota Bradenton Intl (SRQ)
Seattle-Tacoma International (SEA)
Southwest Florida International (RSW)
St. Louis Lambert St. Louis Int'l (STL)
Tampa International (TPA)
Tucson International (TUS)
Tulsa International (TUL)
Washington Dulles International (IAD)
Embassy of United States
Visa Unit, 24 Grosvenor Square
London, W1A 1AE
tel: +44 20 7499 9000, 09042-450-100* (visa services)
* calls cost £1.20/min
office hours: 0830-1730 (Mon to Fri)